Windows 10 Template Tips for Administrative VMs

4 months ago

I’ve been out of the template-making commercial enterprise for some time, however, have these days had an opportunity to make a brand new Windows 10 template virtual device (VM). I learned loads at some point of this system, so sharing the one’s tips with you’ll with any luck assist you out, too.

Let’s first narrow down the use case. When I say “Administrative VMs,” I’m regarding leap boxes, admin consoles and so forth to be used in a virtualized infrastructure. I’m now not referring to Windows 10 VDI strategies for lots like systems. This use case that I’m sharing is applicable to wherein Windows 10 structures are in the datacenter that you could paintings from for vSphere and Hyper-V management. In my case, I’m the use of VMware View to get entry to this Windows 10 gadget and after 1709 replace it was time to make a new template. This will provide me get entry to my vSphere and Hyper-V infrastructure (technically it is a lab — however it is produced to me) through being at the same network and to be had to me everywhere (workplace, domestic, visiting — even on mobile devices).

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This listing is catered to the everyday responsibilities that I located usefully and use regularly. This isn’t always an exhaustive listing, however; probabilities are you can take pieces of this into your very own template for this use case. Here are my guidelines for Windows 10 templates for administrative systems:

Perform Windows Updates: This is a given but will improve the revel in while a template is deployed. It’s also excellent to make certain that the updates may be set on an ongoing basis both domestically or have it addressed in a Group Policy Object while this gadget joins a domain. Also, determine on Windows 10 1709 — now is a great time, first of all, it and be aware that you can not sysprep systems that had been upgraded to 1709.
Disable IPv6: I’m sorry, but I’m simply not the use of it. Maybe you’re; however, I’m no longer seeing it. Disabling it as a protocol will ensure that no inaccurate DNS resolutions over IPv6 can arise.
Install SQL Server Management Studio: This is a fairly huge setup, but for my use case I constantly locate myself having to download it and install it. This is much higher than remotely logging in to SQL Server systems for database work. Download it here, but do not leave it on disk — it is an as a substitute massive set up. Want something a chunk lighter (and works with PostgreSQL and MySQL)? You also can bear in mind HeidiSQL as a far-flung database customer.
Install your favorite Text editor: I like NoteTab, and there is plenty of extras.
Install NBTScan: I love this loose tool — it’s an excellent way to do a quick scan of Windows systems on a subnet to see what’s gift. I like to have a folder referred to as C: tools and put all of my command-line gear in that folder. The satisfactory component approximately NBTScan is that when you download it, it consumes a whopping ninety two.1KB, this is it.

Put Putty on disk: In the equal folder as NBTScan is a good place to place the Linux and Unix staple Putty.

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Configure Windows Firewall: Configuring Windows Firewall earlier than joining a website is a good concept. I generally don’t apply it to inner networks, and therefore have committed this command to memory: netsh advfirewall set allprofiles state off.
Configure/disable any local Windows debts: You’ll want as a minimum one to make the template; however, decide what ought to stay. You also can have a Group Policy Object do this after it’s domain joined.
Install a screen seize tool: This is on hand for troubleshooting, building internal documentation and aid cases. In my surroundings, we use the loose Greenshot device, and it’s decent sufficient to provide you with alternatives after the screenshot is taken.
Ensure there is adequate garage space: I’ve been building Windows 10 Administrative VMs either at 75GB or 100GB; much less than 50GB simply appears too small.
Install Remote Desktop Connection Manager: If you use this Administrative VM as I do, it’s certainly a bounce box to other systems. Connection Manager is incredible for viewing many right now and you can download it here.
Install the Remote Server Administrative Tools: This can save you unnecessary connections to different structures. Some of the normal tools like Active Directory Users and Computers, Server Manager, Hyper-V Manager, DNS, and extras are included on this need-to-have download. If you are also the use of Windows Server 1709, make sure you get the edition of this tool that helps 1709 also! Once you have this mounted, many popular consoles can be accessed remotely, as shown in Figure 2.

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Rearm Windows if you set off once you install the template: A exact manner to rearm without problems (and rise up to one hundred eighty greater days of validity) is to run: slmgr /rearm from PowerShell as an administrator.
Remove useless files: Toward the top of your configuration, it’s an amazing idea to run c:windowssystem32cleanmgr to easy up a chunk.
Configure a mechanism to back up your template: You’ve carried out accurate work, now keep it!
After you’ve got executed all of this similarly in your existing steps, it is a great time to set a reminder in a single month to take this VM out of template layout and do updates. While this isn’t an exhaustive listing of steps to carry out for creating a template, it in all likelihood has some matters you could incorporate into your personal system. What do you put in an administrative VM template? Share your configuration with me.

Originally posted 2018-10-13 14:43:07.

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